INTERNATIONAL KNOWLEDGE
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  • THE QUESTION OF DUAL CHIEFTAINCY IN GHANA: THE CASE OF ODOMASE-SUNYANI

    Abstract

    This paper is a study of the establishment of the dual chieftaincy system in Odomase in the Brong-Ahafo Region of Ghana. The study reveals that the earliest people of Odomase comprised mainly migrants from the kingdom of Denkyira and Asante. These people practiced single chieftaincy but to justify their claim to ultimate custodianship of the Odumase land, leaders of the two Divisions invented complex traditions of origins to claim autochthony. Despite the problems dual chieftaincy posed to traditional societies in Ghana, the Provisional National Defence Council (PNDC) government of Ghana through a decree endorsed the two Odomase chiefs to rule concurrently as Paramount Chiefs. Why would two chiefs be allowed to rule a single traditional state? In what ways did struggles between the two chieftaincies affect residents of the Odomase traditional state? What role did governments play in legitimizing the dual chieftaincy practice in Odomase? What did the peoples of the two Divisions seek to achieve apart from claims to land? The study sought answers to these questions by using archival data, information from dissertations and responses from interviewees. It examined the basis for legitimizing the dual chieftaincy practice in Odomase-Sunyani in the twentieth century. This methodology was necessary for the cross-checking of oral tradition with existing documentary sources. The paper argues that the legitimization of the dual chieftaincy system in Odomase was the best decision to ensure peaceful co-existence between the Antepim and the Bosomtwe Divisions.

    Keywords:

    Chieftaincy, Paramountcy, Antepim, Bosomtwe, Asantehene, Queenmother, Berekumhene

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  • INFORMATION SEEKING BEHAVIOUR OF UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS IN THE INTERNET AGE

    Abstract

    It is without contest that the Internet has become an integral part of academic activities, providing access to innumerable sources for information gathering and learning. It was, therefore, hypothesized that because the internet affords a convenient and easy opportunity for learning and information gathering, students, especially at the undergraduate level, will be much inclined to using same for accessing information. It is in light of the above observation that, this study sought to understand how the advent and huge patronage of internet shapes information seeking behaviour of undergraduate students. To this end, the study investigated the information seeking behaviour of students, drawn from two colleges of the African University College of Communications: the Business school and the Communication School. To add to the paucity of academic studies, especially in the Ghanaian context, on the subject of how the internet shapes information seeking behaviour of undergraduates, related and extant literature on the topic were reviewed. Questionnaire, the principal instrument for this study, was designed and randomly distributed among100 students of the school. In designing the questionnaire, which featured questions ranging from the frequency at which students visited the library, purpose of information gathering, problems associated with information gathering, and others, the researcher was very much alive to the tenets of reliability and validity. From the results obtained from analysing 93 returned questionnaires, it was concluded that because most students are not adept at using online academic databases for the purposes of learning, print materials are still highly patronised among undergraduate students. It was also established that the myriad of information on the internet and the lack of skills in sifting out the most credibility ones for the academic purposes posed a challenge to the information gathering and learning activities of students. It was, among others, recommended that Information literacy programmes be intensified and included in the curriculum of undergraduate study.

    Keywords:

    Undergraduate students, academic library, academic database, information seeking behaviour, information retrieval

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  • PARENTS’ EDUCATION LEVEL AND TRUANCY AMONG SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN NIGER STATE, NIGERIA

    Abstract

    Parents’ education level is consideredas the most stable (permanent) aspect of socio-economic status of individuals, its one most significant aspect of socio-economic background.The study examined relationship between parents’ education level and truancy among senior secondary school students in Niger State, Nigeria. Two objectives were stated and two null hypotheses were tested. Correlation design was employed for the study. The target population for the study comprised of all the truant senior secondary school students in their first year (SS1) and their parents in Niger State. The population of SSI in Niger State was 75,383 students, however, four hundred truant SSI students and their parents constituted the sample of the study, which was drawn purposively from the selected 24 schools in 8 education zones of Niger State. Parents Questionnaire (PQ) and Proforma on Truancy among Senior Secondary School Students’ (PTSSSS) were used for data collection. The PQ was validated using split-half method and reliability coefficient of .72 was found which shows that the instrument was reliable for the purpose of this study. The data collected for the study was analyzed using chi-square and t-test of independent samples. The results were considered at P<.05 level.The findings of the study revealed that there was significant relationship between parents’ education level and truancy among senior secondary school students in Niger State. It was further found that there was significant difference between the mean truancy of boys and girls among senior secondary school students in Niger State in favour of girls.Based on findings of the study the researchers concluded thatparents’ level of education influences their children to be truantsbehaviour in secondary schools. It was also concluded that female students’ takes advantage of school hours to engage in other activities outside home that cannot be allowed by parents after schools hours.

    Keywords:

    Parents’ education level, gender, truancy, senior secondary school

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  • A CASE REPORT DUE TO THE CROSS REACTIVITY BETWEEN HYDROCHLORTHIAZIDE AND NIMESULIDE

    Abstract

    The pharmacovigilance is essential to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of drugs and their adverse drug reactions (ADRs). Thiazide diuretics have been considered to use to prevent postmenopausal bone loss. We presented a case of a 54 year-old woman who developed hematuria and oliguria during treatment with hydrochlorthiazide (HCTZ) to reduce calcium loss. One month later, the patient presented similars symptoms when she took nimesulide to treat sore throat, raising the hypothesis that a cross-reaction occurred between a sulfonamide functional group common to HCTZ and nimesulide. Treatment plans should be considered for any possible adverse drug reactions and potential preventive measures should be improved with better communication, more studies and effective transfer of medical information. This case report will improve signal detection system by availability of adverse drug reaction data that may have international relevance.

    Keywords:

    Adverse drug reaction, hydrochlorothiazide, cross reaction, pharmacovigilance

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  • ECCRINE POROMA OF RIGHT PALM – A CASE REPORT

    Abstract

    Eccrine poroma is described as a benign neoplasm originating from the intraepidermal eccrine duct of sweat glands. Typical distribution of the tumour is on sites where there is the highest concentration of sweat glands, such as palms and soles.  If the tumour is untreated it can cause the risk of malignant transformation towards porocarcinoma. Here, we report a case of 48-year-old female, who presented with a nodule on the right palm.  After excisional biopsy, specimen was sent for histopathological examination and it was diagnosed as Eccrine poroma.

    Keywords:

    Eccrine poroma, porocarcinoma

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