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  • SUPPURATIVE PULMONARY SEQUELAE OF INVASIVE GROUP A STREPTOCOCCUS IN 5-YEAR OLD CHILD

    Abstract

    Background: The incidence of invasive group A streptococcal infection (iGAS) is on the rise. Necrotizing pneumonia as suppurative sequelae is rare but potentially fatal complication of the disease in children. Successful treatment and cure depend on supportive management and early administration of intravenous antibiotics.

     

    Case Presentation: A case was reported of previously healthy 5-year old boy who developed severe rapidly progressing lung disease secondary to iGAS sepsis. He was diagnosed with necrotizing pneumonia after failure of antimicrobial therapy.

     

    Result: He made rapid complete recovery following surgical lobectomy.

     

    Conclusion: Necrotizing pneumonia is a serious complication of iGAS and clinicians need to consider this diagnosis in a child with rapidly progressing pneumonia not improving with adequate antibiotics.

    Keywords:

    Invasive group A streptococcus, necrotizing pneumonia, pediatrics

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  • ASSESSMENT OF AMBIENT AIR QUALITY INDEX FOR CHIDAMBARAM TOWN IN TAMIL NADU, INDIA

    Abstracts

     

    This paper examines the significant differences in seasonal variations of air pollutant concentrations in urban, industrial, commercial and agricultural areas of Chidambaram. Suspended particulate matter (SPM), sulphur dioxide (SO2) and oxides of nitrogen (NOx) were collected over eight sites in Chidambaram. The present study deals with the effect of industrialization, urbanization and automobile emission on ambient air quality in Chidambaram. Meteorological parameters like temperature, relative humidity, wind speed and rainfall were also recorded simultaneously during the sampling period. Eight different select pollution prone locations were intentionally identified and 8 hour samplings were carried out during January to December 2008.Monthly and seasonal variation of these pollutants have been observed and recorded. The annual average and range values have also been calculated. It has been observed that the concentrations of the pollutants are high in winter in comparison to the summer or the monsoon seasons. In the present study, it was noticed that the SPM and NOX levels at all selected sites exceeds the prescribed limits as stipulated by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) New Delhi, India. This study reports the analysis of the ambient air in Chidambaram employing air quality index (AQI). The 8-hourly average concentrations of three major criteria pollutants, viz. Suspended particulate matter (SPM), Sulphur Dioxide (SO2), and Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2) for the year 2008 at eight different locations in Chidambaram have been considered for this analysis.

     

    Keywords : Air quality index; pollutants; air quality criteria; index calculation; traffic pollution.

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  • EFFECTS OF SOIL TEXTURE AND ORGANIC MATTER ON EVAPORATIVE LOSS OF SOIL MOISTURE

    Abstracts

     

    Moisture stress has a major influence on the yield of agricultural crops. The primary source of moisture loss in agricultural soils is evaporation. This study was carried out to ascertain the effects of soil texture and organic matter on soil evaporation and also to establish a relationship between soil moisture diffusivity and water content of a finite soil core resulting from evaporation. The experiment was carried out at the Soil Science laboratory of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), Kumasi, Ghana. The University is located at 6.6849° N, 1.5705° W. Soils of various textures were collected from fields under different land uses or management practices at a depth of 0-5cm. Laboratory evaporation was effected using a standing electric fan as a source of power for inducing evaporation. Textural classes for the sampled plots were cocoa farm (Sandy loam), Uprooted/Harvested Oil palm plot (Loamy sand), Grass ley (Loamy sand) and Vegetable plot (Sand). Organic matter content for the sampled plots were 4.80%, 3.71%, 2.55% and 1.69% for the cocoa field, uprooted oil palm, grass ley and vegetable plot respectively. Diffusivity was highest in soils with high organic matter and clay content whereas desorptivity was lower in coarse-textured soils. In general, however, where organic matter and clay content were high, soil water conservation was more effective.

     

    Keywords : Evaporativity; desorptivity; diffusivity; soil water; cumulative evaporation.

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  • HEMATOLOGICAL CHANGES IN CHRONIC RENAL FAILURE AMONG A SAMPLE IN BAQUBA TEACHING HOSPITAL IN IRAQ

    Abstracts

     

    Back Ground: Kidney disease is ranked_3rd amongst life threatening disease in the world ,after cancer and heart disease, about 200000 persons goes to end stage renal failure yearly in the world while the million people are affected annually with non fatal kidney disease, kidney is the main source of many important functions one.

    Patients and Methods: Data  taken from the (150) patients admitted to the renal unit &medical department unit of Baqubah h teaching Hospital during the period between 5th September 2012 to end of February 2013 were recorded and analyzed, Comparison with data of others studies in European and American hospitals were also performed.

    Objective: This study was carried out to observe the hematological changes like RBC count, Hb concentration, Hematocrit, platelet count and in patients suffering from chronic renal failure.

    Results: In this study show there is normal hemoglobin in normal people with no renal impairment", and mild anemia in patients with CRF without dialysis, "Patients chronic renal failure with dialysis show severe anemia.

    The WBC count slightly more in uremia patients with renal dialysis than in CRF without dialysis and then in normal people, while platelet count decrease inpatient with CRF with dialysis comparing with CRF without dialysis and normal people.

    Conclusions: Anemia is common in chronic renal failure with dialysis more than chronic renal failure without dialysis and anemia in chronic renal failure more than in normal people. Most patients with chronic renal failure with dialysis have Leukocytosis or  leukopaenia more than chronic renal failure without dialysis and more than normal kidneys thrombocytopenia is more common in chronic renal failure than other no chronic renal failure, there no different of hematological changes in gender (sex).

     

    Keywords : Hematological changes; chronic renal failure; renal impairment; CRF without dialysis; uremia with renal dialysis.

     

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  • A NOTE ON REGULAR GENERALIZED B-CLOSED SETS IN TOPOLOGICAL SPACES

    Abstracts

     

    In this article, we point out that the collection of rgb-closed sets due to K. Mariappa and S. Sekar [1] means nothing to a power set. Further, we also established that the concepts of rgb-closed sets and gspr-closed sets are same.

     

    Keywords : Regular-closed sets; b-closed sets; rgb-closed sets; gspr-closed sets.

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